How to Pass Data from One Screen to Another in Flutter

How to Pass Data from One Screen to Another in Flutter


Flutter, being a powerful and popular cross-platform mobile app development framework, allows developers to build beautiful and efficient apps. When creating complex applications, you often encounter scenarios where you need to transfer data from one screen to another. Whether it’s passing user inputs, fetched data, or any other information, Flutter provides various techniques to achieve smooth data flow between screens.

In this step-by-step guide, we will explore different methods to pass data from one screen to another in Flutter. By the end of this tutorial, you’ll have a clear understanding of how to implement data transfer effectively, enhancing the user experience and making your app more interactive.


Before we begin, make sure you have the following:

  1. Basic understanding of Dart programming language.
  2. Flutter SDK installed and set up on your development environment.
  3. A code editor like Android Studio, IntelliJ IDEA, or Visual Studio Code.

Important Points to Consider:

  1. Stateless vs. Stateful Widgets: Decide whether your screens are stateless or stateful. If data needs to change and update on the screen, use a stateful widget. Otherwise, a stateless widget should suffice.
  2. Choose the Right Method: Flutter offers multiple methods to pass data, such as constructors, callbacks, InheritedWidgets, Provider package, etc. Choose the method that best fits your use case and app architecture.
  3. Avoid Direct Dependencies: It’s essential to keep your code maintainable. Avoid directly depending on specific screens, rather create separate classes or models for data and use them to pass information.
  4. Serializable Models: For complex data, consider using serializable models to convert data into JSON and vice versa, making it easy to pass and handle data.

Step-by-Step Guide:

Step 1: Create Screens:
Begin by creating the screens where you want to pass the data. For example, let’s say we have “ScreenA” and “ScreenB.”

Step 2: Define Data Model:
Design a data model to encapsulate the data you want to pass between screens. Ensure it is serializable if necessary. For instance:

class UserData {
  final String name;
  final int age;

  UserData(, this.age);

Step 3: Using Named Routes (Recommended):
In your main.dart file, define named routes for both screens. This method is recommended for better code organization and navigation. For instance:

void main() {

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      routes: {
        '/screenA': (context) => ScreenA(),
        '/screenB': (context) => ScreenB(),
      initialRoute: '/screenA',

Step 4: Navigate to ScreenB and Pass Data:
In ScreenA, when you want to navigate to ScreenB and pass data, use the following method:

Navigator.pushNamed(context, '/screenB', arguments: UserData('John Doe', 25));

Step 5: Receive Data in ScreenB:
In ScreenB, retrieve the data passed from ScreenA using the following:

class ScreenB extends StatelessWidget {
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    final UserData userData = ModalRoute.of(context).settings.arguments;

    // Now you can use and userData.age in your UI


  1. Avoid Passing Large Objects: Passing large objects between screens can lead to performance issues. Instead, consider using state management solutions like Provider or Riverpod for managing shared data.
  2. Use Flutter’s Context: The BuildContext is a valuable tool for accessing information and navigating between screens. Utilize it efficiently.
  3. Clearing Memory: If you’re navigating back and forth between screens and passing data, ensure to manage memory properly to avoid any memory leaks.
  4. Testing Data Flow: Test the data flow between screens to ensure that data is passed accurately and without any issues.


Data passing between screens is a fundamental aspect of app development, and Flutter provides a variety of options to accomplish this task efficiently. By following this step-by-step guide and considering the important points and tips provided, you can effectively pass data between screens in your Flutter app, creating a seamless and delightful user experience

Related Tags: pass data from one screen to another, how to pass data from one screen to another, pass data in flutter app

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